Rivers part of India-Bangladesh ‘common heritage’


State minister for foreign affairs Md Shahriar Alam has said that rivers are part of the India-Bangladesh “common heritage which we must cherish for our own nourishment.”

“When we talk of the 54 transboundary rivers with India, we are talking of an opulent harvest of fusing culture, crafts and trade developed over generations,” he said, speaking at the ‘Asian Confluence NADI’ conversations organized by the Asian Confluence, a premier Indian think-tank based in Shillong.

The state minister said the Asian Confluence operates in the ‘third space’. The role of the ‘third space’ to complement efforts of the ‘first space’ led by government and the ‘second space’ led by industry, has become the need of the hour. 

“Credible civil society organizations, academia, entrepreneurs and grassroots organizations should be mobilized to lead to an organic growth bottom up. We reaffirm the importance of harnessing collective strength of all stakeholders who seek to advance the cause of water security. Communities living along rivers should be the key agents in the process,” he said.

Cooperation in India, Bangladesh inland waterways connectivity has been hailed as an “enabler for local, inclusive, climate smart growth” in the post-Covid times. 

The speakers at the discussion said inland waterways development cannot only become a vital and cost-effective component of multimodal connectivity, but also a means to care for our shared riverine ecology and ensure sustainable development and livelihood generation for people on both sides of our borders.

Healthy waterways as part of a larger multimodal connectivity setup can be ensured with healthy practices of water resource management, which is also a prerequisite for growth of the farm sector.

Indian High Commissioner in Dhaka Riva Ganguly Das said the Agreement on the use of Mongla and Chittagong ports and the recent 2nd addendum in the India Bangladesh protocol route will become a great enabler for the rejuvenation of livelihood and economy of the region. 

“These mutually beneficial arrangements will further strengthen the integration of our supply chains and logistics sectors, generate employment and will spur investments in the logistics and services sector of Bangladesh such as finance, transport and insurance,” she said.

“Furthermore, Bangladesh will earn revenue as the cargo transit will be through the use of Bangladeshi trucks and through administrative and port fees. She added that the full potential of the multimodal connectivity projects will be realized in Narayanganj, Sirajganj, Mongla, Chilmari and Khulna enabling them to emerge as new economic hubs in Bangladesh”. 

Ram Gopal Agarwal, distinguished fellow NITI Aayog, Abdus Sammad, Former Senior Shipping Secretary Bangladesh and Dr. Atiur Rahman, former governor of Bangladesh Bank also echoed on the theme inland waterways bring part of a larger multimodal connectivity scheme to ensure cost effectiveness.

The north eastern states and Bangladesh can benefit immensely from this where there is immense possibility for growth in the agri- and farm sectors.  

The session was chaired by former Indian Ambassador Deepa Gopalan Wadhwa.

Echoing an industry voice, Yasser Rizvi of Summit Group said that the “The new Daudkandi - Sonamura route has good potential and in order to maximize usage suitable transshipment points must be identified for handling goods to / from the smaller barges. Pangaon and SAPL Muktarpur are both suitable for this”.