Risk factors, prevention for liver disease (part 3)

Published : 13 Nov 2021 08:49 PM

• Heavy alcohol use

• Obesity

• Type 2 diabetes

• Tattoos or body piercings

• Injecting drugs using shared needles

• Blood transfusion before 1992

• Exposure to other people's blood and body fluids

• Unprotected sex

• Exposure to certain chemicals or toxins

• Family history of liver disease


Drink alcohol in moderation: For healthy adults, that means up to one drink a day for women and up to two drinks a day for men. 

Use medications wisely: Take prescription and nonprescription drugs only when needed and only in recommended doses. 

Avoid contact with other people's blood and body fluids: Hepatitis viruses can be spread by accidental needle sticks or improper cleanup of blood or body fluids.

Keep your food safe: Wash your hands thoroughly before eating or preparing foods. 

Take care with aerosol sprays: Make sure to use these products in a well-ventilated area, and wear a mask when spraying insecticides, fungicides, paint and other toxic chemicals. 

Protect your skin: When using insecticides and other toxic chemicals, wear gloves, long sleeves, a hat and a mask so that chemicals aren't absorbed through your skin.

Maintain a healthy weight:  Obesity can cause nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

    Courtesy: Mayo Clinic