Some people are more likely than others to develop bladder infections or recurrent urinary tract infections. Women are one such group. A key reason is physical anatomy. Women have a shorter urethra, which cuts down on the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder.
Women at greatest risk of UTIs include those who:
• Are sexually active: Sexual intercourse can result in bacteria being pushed into the urethra.
• Use certain types of birth control: Women who use diaphragms are at increased risk of a UTI. Diaphragms that contain spermicidal agents further increase your risk.
• Are pregnant: Hormonal changes during pregnancy may increase the risk of a bladder infection.
• Have experienced menopause: Altered hormone levels in postmenopausal women are often associated with UTIs.
Courtesy: Mayo Clinic