PM’s G20 visit: Implications and opportunities

Published : 09 Sep 2023 09:07 PM

In a significant diplomatic move, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, has arrived in the Indian capital to attend the G20 summit. This visit holds immense importance, not only for the two neighboring nations but also for the broader regional and global context. 

The G20 summit, known for bringing together leaders from the world's major economies, serves as a platform for discussions on crucial global issues, including economic cooperation, climate change, and international security. Bangladesh's participation in this forum reflects the nation's commitment to engaging with the international community on these pressing matters.

Attending the G20 summit holds immense importance for the Bangladeshi Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina. It offers a global platform where she can articulate Bangladesh's stance on critical international issues, ranging from economic cooperation and climate change to sustainable development and global security. Her presence underscores Bangladesh's commitment to being an active and responsible member of the international community. The G20 summit provides an opportunity to engage with world leaders, foster diplomatic relations, and explore avenues for economic growth through trade and investment partnerships. Moreover, for a nation like Bangladesh, which is grappling with climate change-related challenges, participation in such a forum allows Sheikh Hasina to advocate for climate resilience and adaptation measures on a global scale, advocating for the interests of her nation and other vulnerable countries. Overall, her attendance at the G20 summit reinforces Bangladesh's position on the world stage and its commitment to addressing global challenges. 

A noteworthy element of this visit is the chance for Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to engage in bilateral dialogues with her Indian counterpart, Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Bilateral relations between Bangladesh and India have witnessed significant improvement in recent years, with both countries actively working together on various fronts, including trade, security, and regional stability.

During this visit, it is expected that the leaders of these two South Asian nations will explore ways to further enhance their cooperation. Key areas of discussion may include trade and investment, cross-border connectivity, and regional stability. The successful implementation of initiatives like the Maitri Setu (Friendship Bridge) that connects the Indian state of Tripura with Bangladesh's Feni district is a testament to the growing cooperation between the two countries.

Furthermore, Bangladesh's participation in the G20 summit provides an opportunity to voice its concerns and priorities on the global stage. Concerns such as climate change and sustainable development hold exceptional importance for Bangladesh, a nation highly susceptible to the adverse effects of climate change, encompassing rising sea levels and extreme weather occurrences.

The outcomes of the G20 summit, particularly in areas such as 

economic cooperation and 

sustainable development, can potentially provide valuable

insights and resources that may be leveraged 

in the run-up to the elections, contributing to a 

broader vision for Bangladesh’s future growth and stability

In the broader context, this visit underscores the importance of regional cooperation in South Asia. Both Bangladesh and India recognize the need for regional stability and economic growth, and their collaboration within the G20 framework can have far-reaching implications for the entire region.

Sheikh Hasina’s visit to the G20 summit presents a spectrum of opportunities for Bangladesh. Firstly, it provides a platform to engage with the world's leading economies, fostering international partnerships and expanding the nation's global footprint. Economic opportunities are significant, as discussions on trade and investment can open doors to new markets and foreign investments, potentially boosting Bangladesh's economic growth. Furthermore, the summit's focus on climate change and sustainable development aligns with Bangladesh's priorities, offering the chance to seek support for climate adaptation measures and garner international recognition for its resilience efforts. Lastly, diplomatic interactions during the visit can enhance regional stability and security cooperation, reinforcing Bangladesh's role as a key player in South Asia. Overall, the visit holds the promise of advancing Bangladesh's economic, environmental, and diplomatic objectives on the global stage.

Sheikh Hasina's visit to Delhi for the G20 summit holds paramount importance in the context of Bangladesh's upcoming elections. As Bangladesh prepares for its next electoral cycle, the diplomatic engagements and discussions during this visit can play a pivotal role in shaping the nation's domestic and international policies. Strengthening ties with India and garnering support from a major regional player like India can have a positive influence on the domestic political landscape. Additionally, the outcomes of the G20 summit, particularly in areas such as economic cooperation and sustainable development, can potentially provide valuable insights and resources that may be leveraged in the run-up to the elections, contributing to a broader vision for Bangladesh's future growth and stability.

While the primary purpose of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's visit to the G20 summit in Delhi is to participate in global discussions on various important issues, it's worth noting that diplomatic engagements and international interactions can have indirect implications for domestic politics, including elections. In the context of Bangladesh's upcoming elections, the visit provides an opportunity for Prime Minister Hasina to showcase her leadership on the international stage and potentially gain support or recognition that could bolster her domestic image. Positive outcomes from discussions related to trade, investment, and regional stability could be presented as achievements that benefit the country and her government. 

In conclusion, the visit of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to Delhi for the G20 summit is a significant diplomatic event that showcases the growing ties between Bangladesh and India. 

It provides an opportunity for these neighboring nations to strengthen their bilateral relationship, address pressing global issues, and contribute to the stability and prosperity of the South Asian region. 

As the summit progresses, the world will be closely watching the outcomes and the impact this visit will have on the future of regional and global 


Dr. Pranab Kumar Panday is a Professor in the Department of Public Administration at the University of Rajshahi