The 7 March Speech of Bangabandhu was a speech given by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding father of Bangladesh on 7 March 1971 to a gathering of over two million people. It was delivered during a period of escalating tensions between East Pakistan and the powerful political and military establishment of West Pakistan.
He announced a civil disobedience movement in the province, calling for "every house to turn into a fortress". The speech inspired the Bengali people to prepare for a war of independence amid widespread reports of armed mobilization by West Pakistan. The Bangladesh Liberation War began 18 days later when the Pakistan Army launched Operation Searchlight against Bengali civilians, intelligentsia, students, politicians, and armed personnel.
In his historic address, Sheikh Mujib declared, ‘Ebarer Sangram Amader Muktir Sangram, Ebarer Sangram Swadhinatar Sangram’ (The struggle this time is for our emancipation, the struggle this time is for the independence). He made the clarion call to turn every home into a fortress of resistance against the Pakistani army.
Bengalis reacted with unprecedented rage after the then Pakistani military ruler Yahya Khan postponed the National Assembly session scheduled for March 1, 1971. Stunned by the treachery, Sheikh Mujib immediately launched an unprecedented non-cooperation movement dealing a crippling blow to the military rulers.
And on March 7, 1971, he gave the historic address at Suhrawardy Udyan, the then Race Course, which inspired the nation to fight for independence. The address reduced the governmental authorities in then East Pakistan to useless showpieces as everything ran according to Mujib’s day-to-day edicts.
This continued until the military junta retaliated with the crackdown and the accompanying brutalities against the unarmed Bengalis on the fateful midnight of March 25, 1971, and the rest is history.
The historic March 7 speech of Mujib has been included in the memory of the World International Register, a list of the world’s important documentary heritage maintained by UNESCO.
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In Bangladesh, the school and colleges arrange a competition for the 7th march speech. The students of schools and colleges participate in this competition. It is a very good opportunity for them to show their talent. They can learn many things from this competition. This is also an opportunity for them to get extra marks in exams as well as they can make their teachers happy by participating in this competition.
7th march 1971, The crowd of people that gathered at the Suhrawardy Udyan Park was huge and seemed to be growing by the minute as more buses continued to arrive with their passengers from all corners of Bangladesh. Once everyone had gathered on the lawns in front of a makeshift stage built for this purpose, they settled down eagerly awaiting for their leader Sheikh Mujibor Rahman to deliver his speech.
This is a great day in Bangladesh. On this day in 1971, the great leader Mr. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman gave an intelligent speech to over two million people. This speech inspired the Bengali people to prepare for war of independence. In 1970, the Awami League won victory in national elections winning 167 of the 169 seats and a majority in the National Assembly. The victory gave them constitutional rights to form a government.
But Bhutto, the leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party, was not happy that a Bengali person was going to become prime minister. They started their conspiracy and tried to resist the Awami Muslim League Party from gaining governing power. The situation got worse on March 7th when Sheikh Mujibur Rahman made his speech at Dhaka's Ramna Race Course.
For joining the National Assembly on 25 March, he gave four conditions. He also gave some directives for a civil movement and told his countrymen what to do. His speech concluded with "Joy Bangla!" UNESCO put this speech in the Memory of the World Register as part of the world's documentary heritage on 30 October 2017. The speech on 7th March 1971 was important because it helped Bengalis know their goal of independence.