Farmers in different villages of Tarash upazila of Sirajganj district are benefiting by producing spice crop in the mud without any cultivation. Garlic cultivation without preparing the fields is now becoming popular among the farmers. Now farmers are showing more interest in garlic production. The agriculture office is also giving them various advices on garlic production without cultivation.
As soon as the water recedes, garlic cultivation starts in the region. The water of the bill goes down to the river at the end of Kartik. At the beginning of Agrahayan, the silt of the beel area dries up. At that time, farmers become busy planting garlic without any plowing. Aman paddy has been harvested in different areas of the upazila a few weeks ago. Now, after harvesting Aman, planting of garlic has started in the areas. Due to bumper yield of non-cultivated garlic, the highest cash crop in the area, farmers in the area have started planting garlic without cultivating.
Read more: Rice price rises in Rangpur, buyers unhappy
After visiting different areas including Nadosaidpur, Kushabari, Charkushabari, it can be seen that with the release of water, there is a great enthusiasm among the farmers for cultivating garlic without cultivation. Garlic planting season is going on in this region now.
Dulal Hossain, a farmer from Nadosaidpur village, said that the wages of agricultural workers increased after harvesting Aman paddy. Garlic cultivation is now profitable so the farmers of the area could not give up garlic cultivation.
He further said that this time the total cost including seeds, labor, fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation would be around 20 to 25 thousand Tk per bigha. Many farmers are now cultivating mustard without garlic. Farmers are benefiting from the combination of garlic and mustard.
If garlic is cultivated in this way, it is not necessary to cultivate the land. It takes less fertilizer and medicine. The planted garlic is much larger than the field and the garlic is bigger. Seeing his method, when other farmers asked for his help, he gave them various suggestions including providing them with garlic.
Farmers Zahurul Islam, Rahim, Golzar Hossain and Ripon are cultivating garlic in Katabari village of the upazila. They said that it takes 3 to 3 and a half mounds of garlic to cultivate garlic in one bigha of land. The cost is 20-25 thousand Tk. Garlic production in one bigha of land is approximately 70-80 mounds. All in all, they said, there is good money to be made.
Asked by agricultural worker Moyna Khatun, he said, "We get 350 Tk as attendance per day. With this money, we run the household expenses. Applying garlic on the mud reduces the cost but gives good yield. We women workers have been planting garlic in rows on the mud since morning.”
Lutfunnahar Luna, Tarash Upazila Agriculture Officer, said that the target has been set for uncultivated garlic cultivation in 516 hectares of land in Tarash this year. After harvesting the paddy in advance, the farmers of the area are cultivating Italian varieties of garlic and barley garlic-1, garlic without cultivation.
However, at the end of fall season, when the water recedes from the beel, the garlic cloves are planted in rows in the silt-laden muddy soil. At the end of planting, paddy straw (straw) is spread. 25/30 days after planting, irrigate with 15/20 kg urea fertilizer per bigha.
Due to the weather, the planting of garlic has to be delayed by one-and-a-half months to remove rainwater and cultivate it. For this reason, if you put garlic on a little mud, the time will come. This reduces production costs and bumps the yield. As a result, farmers are benefiting. Farmers are being encouraged to cultivate this method.