Cox’s Bazar ecological balance under threat

Prudent management programmes required


While addressing the inaugural ceremony of the 15th Meeting of the Governing Council of the South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) on Wednesday, Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen rightly blamed Rohingyas for destroying ecological balance in Cox’s Bazaar district.

Bangladesh is now hosting over 1.1 million forcefully displaced Rohingyas staying in 34 refugee camps in Cox’s Bazaar District. The majority clusters are in the forests around Kutupalong, which has become one of the world’s largest refugee camps. Once an area of thick greenery, Kutupalong has become a sea of plastic tents propped up against each other.


Significant adverse impacts on various 

environmental components have been caused both

 by the Rohingya camps and by increased anthropogenic

 pressure far beyond the boundaries of the area of the camps


Experts are of the opinion that different types of relief materials are being distributed among the displaced Rohingyas but they are not provided with firewood for cooking food. As a result, the refugees are cutting down trees indiscriminately from nearby government forests and even uprooting the roots in their desperate search for firewood.  What is more alarming is that some government, private and international donor agencies are engaged in cutting hills to build permanent structures for offices and quarters, thereby further threatening local forests and environment.

According to a rough estimate, the Rohingyas are destroying forest resources to meet their daily demand of firewood of 800 tons. Considering this the government should look for alternative options like LPG or low-cost coal for the displaced Rohingyas.

Significant adverse impacts on various environmental components have been caused both by the Rohingya camps and by increased anthropogenic pressure far beyond the boundaries of the area of the camps. If the environmental impacts of the influx continue unmitigated, the already heavily polluted environment will soon suffer significant conversion and degradation, substantially reducing the habitat’s ability to maintain viable populations of its native species and losing its ability to sustain its ecosystem.

The situation demands immediate investments in restoring the environment and ecosystem as a part of the government’s humanitarian response in Cox’s Bazaar. Also there is a need to implement various mitigation programmes to prevent the environment from further degradation.

Related News: Rohingya influx blamed for dilapidated Cox’s Bazaar-Teknaf road condition