Comprehensive tobacco tax policy underscored

Published : 14 May 2022 07:45 PM

Civil society and anti-tobacco bodies on Saturday stressed the need for adopting a comprehensive tobacco tax policy including the end of tax preferential treatments for tobacco companies. 

The speakers also said political parties and the government require political commitment to achieve the goal of making tobacco free country.

The speakers made the observation on Saturday while revealing study findings on “Tobacco Company Interference with Tobacco Taxation Process in Bangladesh” held at the CIRDAP auditorium in city. VOICE, a rights-based research and advocacy organisation arranged the event to share the findings of the study. The event was presided over by eminent economist and also PKSF Chairman Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad while Former Secretary and NBR Chairman Dr Muhammad Abdul Mazid and Dr Nasiruddin Ahmed spoke as expert panelists. Ataur Rahman Masud, Senior Policy Advisor of Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, moderated the event.

Speaking at the discussion, the speakers further said National Board of Revenue (NBR) should prioritise public health over tobacco company profitability as tobacco tax revenues are a fraction of the public and private health cost burden resulting from tobacco use.

They urged the government to prohibit tobacco company representatives and affiliates from directly or indirectly participating in tobacco control agenda setting, policymaking, and other government positions and processes that pose inherent conflicts of interest.

Ahmed Swapan Mahmud, executive director of VOICE, presented the keynote paper while referring the study.  He said that many strong evidences of the illegal interference of tobacco industries have come out as findings. 

To understand the types and extent of tobacco company influence on tax policymaking in Bangladesh, researchers conducted 23 key informant interviews with 4 types of stakeholders in tobacco control policy:  policymakers, Journalists, tobacco control practitioners and researchers in March to May 2021.

Responses from key tobacco tax policy stakeholders indicate that there is high tobacco industry involvement in the tobacco tax policymaking process. The study found that tobacco companies have close ties and mutually beneficial relationships with various government offices and high-ranking individuals.

In his speech, Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, Chairman of PKSF said the government should divest from British American Tobacco Company and sell all shares to show its commitments to make the country free of tobacco.

He said a uniform specific tobacco tax rate would be far more effective for reducing tobacco consumption and its affordability in Bangladesh. "This system tends to lead to higher prices for all brand levels, reduces the incentive to switch to lower-priced brands, and is easier to administer when compared to ad valorem one," he said.