Bangladesh has become the most successful among Asian countries in cutting down child mortality rates in the last 20 years. The under-five mortality rate has been reduced by 63 per cent in the country, whereas in Bhutan it decreased by 60 per cent, in Nepal by 59 per cent and in India by 57 per cent during the same period.
The target of goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. Goal 3 also targets to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births by the year 2030.
The government must implement a more
society’s most vulnerable
‘Bangladesh has cut its under-5 years mortality rate by 63 per cent since 2000 and by 77 per cent since 1990 while the country is expected to reach the global target of 25 or fewer deaths per 1,000 births in years before the 2030 deadline of SDGs,’ said the ‘Global Childhood Report 2019’ of Save the Children published recently. Our country has already achieved significant success in reducing maternal mortality rate, under-five mortality rate as well as neonatal mortality rate. The government has allocated a significant portion of resources to ensure a higher proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel as well as ensuring the availability of affordable healthcare in many regions of the country. It is apparent however that there are still many people, in both urban and rural areas, who cannot access proper healthcare. This might be due to them living below the poverty line or due to living in remote regions. The government must implement a more far-reaching healthcare system for society’s most vulnerable factions, including the homeless. Our country still has a long way to go to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all the citizens.