More causes of cystitis (part 3)

Published : 24 May 2022 07:55 PM

Noninfectious cystitis:

Although bacterial infections are the most common cause of cystitis, a number of noninfectious factors also may cause the bladder to become inflamed. Some examples include:

• Interstitial cystitis: The cause of this chronic bladder inflammation, also called painful bladder syndrome, is unclear. Most cases are diagnosed in women. The condition can be difficult to diagnose and treat.

• Drug-induced cystitis: Certain medications, particularly the chemotherapy drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide, can cause inflammation of your bladder as the broken-down components of the drugs exit your body.

• Radiation cystitis: Radiation treatment of the pelvic area can cause inflammatory changes in bladder tissue.

• Foreign-body cystitis: Long-term use of a catheter can predispose you to bacterial infections and to tissue damage, both of which can cause inflammation.

• Chemical cystitis: Some people may be hypersensitive to chemicals contained in certain products, such as bubble bath, feminine hygiene sprays or spermicidal jellies, and may develop an allergic-type reaction within the bladder, causing inflammation.

• Cystitis associated with other conditions: Cystitis may sometimes occur as a complication of other disorders, such as diabetes, kidney stones, an enlarged prostate or spinal cord injuries.

    Courtesy: Mayo Clinic