Due to the implementation of various fishery-friendly activities of the government, the production of fish in the fiscal year 2020-21 has been about 8621000 tonnes, which is 118000 tonnes more than that of the previous year. According to the report published by United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation titled ‘The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture-2022’, Bangladesh ranks third in the world in terms of inland open water fish production, fifth in closed water cultured fish production, first in hilsa production and fourth in tilapia production.
Indeed, such remarkable achievement has been made possible as a result of the government’s tireless efforts to protect fish sanctuaries, imposing restriction on fishing for a certain period, and releasing fish fry in water bodies.
The government must continue to provide
support to ensure steady growth of fish production
The government is focusing on developing methods to increase production and saving local species of fish from extinction. Due to its relentless efforts, fish production has been doubled in the last 16 years.
Bangladesh has achieved this feat by using modern technologies which have helped farmers produce more freshwater fishes. At the same time, some scientific popular methods like Biofloc, and others are attracting young people to involve in fish production due to its high return. It is worth mentioning that the fisheries sector is currently making an important contribution in meeting the food needs of the growing population of the country, creating employment opportunities, alleviating poverty and earning foreign exchange.
In the past, there was a fish crisis due to a lack of proper care in the fisheries sector. As a result, a large part of the Bangladeshi indigenous fish was lost. Of these, 36 species of extinct fish have been brought back by the tireless efforts of Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute scientists.
Further training programmes should be designed to attract young entrepreneurs to the sector. The government must continue to provide support to ensure steady growth of fish production.
Awareness campaigns to keep natural resources, particularly water bodies free of pollution must be carried out as well. Last but not least, the existing farm loan policy needs to be reformed to make fish farming a highly profitable business.